RAID reconstruction or RAID rebuilding is a process of restoring a broken, corrupt, or inaccessible RAID array to its normal working state. When a disk fails in RAID 5 or RAID 6 array, reconstruction is usually done by replacing the damaged or failed disk. However, in case of RAID 0, multiple disk failure, and corruption, reconstruction is done with the help of RAID reconstruction software.
software emulates the RAID controller and helps you reconstruct a corrupt RAID
0, RAID 5, and RAID 6 array. This helps you access and save inaccessible data
from a broken RAID array to a new disk.
detailed guide will help you understand various risks associated with RAID
reconstruction and how you can avoid permanent data loss situations due to
unexpected errors that may arise during RAID reconstruction. Also, steps to
reconstruct and recover data from a broken or corrupt RAID 0, RAID 5, and RAID
6 array safely with the help of RAID recovery software.
Risks Associated With Physical RAID Reconstruction
1. Unexpected Errors
unexpected error during the rebuild process could lead to RAID failure and
permanent data loss situations. It may arise due to interruption caused by disk
read/write error, fragmentation, sudden power failure, insufficient power
supply, and drive’s error handling, etc.
2. Longer Rebuilds
the increase in RAID level, there is an increase in the storage complexity due
to parity bits, which means longer rebuilds. When you replace a failed or
damaged disk in a RAID 5 or RAID 6 array, the RAID controller tries to
reconstruct and copy the data to a spare drive. This process could take a while
and during this time, especially if the RAID is using higher capacity disks, you
should avoid using RAID until the rebuild is complete.
Overheating is common during RAID rebuild when you replace a
failed disk. This happens due to insufficient ventilation or cooling setup.
Also, if the drives are fragmented, it increases the disk usage for a longer
duration. The drive needs to run at the highest speeds to retrieve data, which
can cause another drive to fail or stop working temporarily due to overheating.
This could lead to errors that may cause permanent data loss.
A DIY RAID recovery software not only helps you avoid these risks but also eliminates the chance of errors that may lead to data loss as the software automatically detects the correct RAID parameters in case you enter or provide wrong parameters for RAID reconstruction. Moreover, you can always go back and rebuild the RAID again in case of any error, which isn’t possible otherwise.
Steps to Reconstruct RAID Array and Recover Data
these steps to reconstruct and recover data from a RAID.
Step 1: Stop Using the RAID
If a drive in the RAID has failed, avoid using the RAID. Do not apply any hit-and-trial methods such as running CHKDSK on inaccessible RAID as it may lead to permanent data loss.
off the RAID server or system, take out the drives, and connect to a Windows PC
or Laptop via SATA or SATA to USB converter cable/enclosure.
Step 2: Create Disk Image or Clone Drives
Disk Management tool and check if
the RAID drives are recognized. In case a drive isn’t recognized, check the
cable and connector. Also, ensure adequate power supply to disk by connecting the
charging adapter if you are using a Laptop.
assign a drive letter to the disk if not already.
Though you can’t access data from RAID disks just by connecting the drives to a PC, you can check the drive health status and clone the disk if the disk health is poor by using Stellar Data Recovery Technician software. Cloning a failing disk will help you avoid permanent data loss and recover data in case a drive fails during RAID data recovery.
Step 4: Reconstruct RAID and Recover Data by Using a RAID Recovery Software
begin, keep an external
drive(s) or spare storage media ready to save recovered RAID data. You can’t save recovered data on the connected RAID drives as it
will lead to data overwriting.
Download, install and launch Stellar Data Recovery Technician (if you haven’t already)
Select ‘All Data’ and click ‘Next’
TIP: You may also go to ‘Advanced Settings>Add Header’ to add a custom or uncommon file format to recover it. This feature of Stellar Data Recovery Technician helps you to recover virtually any file format.
Use the up-down arrow buttons to arrange disks in the sequence as they were in the RAID array
Then enter or select the required RAID parameters from the options. You may choose ‘Don’t know …’ option if you don’t remember or know the RAID parameters—required for virtual RAID reconstruction.
Click on ‘Build RAID’ button
Based on the provided RAID
parameters, the software constructs a
virtual read-only RAID. In case if entered parameters are wrong, the software
intelligently detects the RAID parameters and builds a few probable virtual
Select the constructed virtual RAID and click on the ‘Show Volume List’ button
Select the RAID volume and click ‘Scan’
If the files are not found in the initial scan (Quick Scan), click on the ‘Click Here’ link at the bottom-left to begin ‘Deep Scan.’
After the scan, you may preview files such as documents, photos, videos, audios to verify the data before saving
Select the files or folders that you want to recover and click on the ‘Recover’ button
Click ‘Browse’ and select the external drive. Do not choose the RAID member disks as save location
Finally, click on the ‘Start Saving’ button to start saving the recovered files from the reconstructed RAID array
Once you have saved all your data after virtual RAID construction, you may go ahead, format all the RAID member disks and rebuild a fresh RAID array. Keep a note of all the RAID parameters. They come handy in RAID reconstruction and recovery situations.
are highly complex storage solutions, which connects one or more physical drive
to form a single logical volume for data storage. This logical arrangement may
break or get corrupt.
can rebuild a RAID by replacing the failed drive with a new one. However, to
reconstruct a logically damaged RAID and multiple disk failure, it is critical
to use a RAID data recovery software. This will help avoid unexpected errors
that may arise during RAID reconstruction. Software such as Stellar Data
Recovery Technician automatically detects RAID parameters and constructs a few
probable RAID configurations for recovery. It emulates the RAID controller and
helps you copy inaccessible data from a broken RAID to a new disk.
The RAID reconstruction software is also equipped with a drive monitor tool that actively checks disk temperature and health status along with SMART parameters. Also, provides an option to clone disk to create a copy of RAID drive, thereby facilitating safe and secure data recovery from a damaged RAID 0, RAID 5, and RAID 6 levels.