Hard disks are often containing the bundle of important information and a huge capacity to store valuable data. But no one would take interest to backup their data or important files so that it can be recovered anytime at the time of failure or corruption. Hard disk failure can happen anytime due to bad power supply, virus attack, damaged block and sectors, corrupted operating system files e.g., NTLDR, boot.ini, msdos.sys etc.
Here, are the list of top 6 reasons of hard disk failure with its solutions which will surely help’s the user to recover data from the conditions easily and without affecting or modifying any data. If in any conditions, the solutions mentioned below would unable to resolve issue, then switch to any data recovery software immediately to avoid any further damages to the system or to the data.
Firmware or Manufacturer Faults:
- The hard disk is undetectable or not recognized at all by the System.
- The system fails to boot or hang in mid of the booting process.
This problem could occur mainly with the brand new hard disk after which the hard disk stops to work after few days of purchasing because of manufacturers fault. These types of faulty hard disks are delivered to customer without testing.
Users have to contact their hard disk customer center for replacement if possible, therefore, this type of error doesn’t require to pay extra amount except to lose some data, which is stored in the hard drive before corruption. Manufacturer doesn’t guarantee it to recover, so the users are required to have any well known data recovery software for complete recovery of important files and folders from the corrupted or formatted hard drive.
- Fans are moving too slowly or not at all.
- Clicking sounds or noise is arising from the system hardware.
This is the most common problem among all the hard disk failure causes that occur too frequently. Due to off improper ventilation or faulty CPU fan, the user system would heat to peak point and leads to hard disk crash or severe damage to the hardware.
Ensure that the CPU fans are working fine and give sufficient cooling to the processor and other peripherals. Using S.M.A.R.T. (Self monitoring, analysis and reporting technology) tools will notify the user about the hard disk conditions and any future risks associated with the hardware.
Electronic Failure or Power Surges
- System BIOS will unable to detect the hard drive,
- Hard drive couldn’t be able to spin up.
The UPS that were used by the user couldn’t be able to deliver the required power supply or deliver too high power supply to the system.
Make sure that the system hardware is getting only the required power supply. By using UPS of any well known brand could troubleshoot this.
Mechanical or Internal failure:
This error happens internally into the hard disk due to of bad sectors and blocks, spindle motor stops to rotate, power supply or any other well known internal factors.
- Clicking sounds from the hard drive
- Files & Folders become invisible by the time.
The hard drive is too old to operate or formatted more than it’s specified limit. Virus attack can harm the hard disk by erasing the data, altering the hard disk data or system files will also be a considered factors for mechanical failure.
Updating the system regularly or weekly, using standard anti virus program, replacing the hard drive after 3-4 years of use. These steps could help to fix the internal errors of the hard drive. Moreover, sometime the hard disk internal errors happen due to unidentified reasons and users are required to have any data recovery software or services for complete recovery.
- Files are become inaccessible by the user
- Operating system will fail to boot up in a proper manner
Unethical way to shut down the PC, accidentally closing the running program, use of malicious or freeware software, power failures are the factors which contributed the most towards file corruption after which the hard disk become unstable and stops to function properly.
Always using the specified way to shut down the PC or closing the program and not installing any freeware or malicious software into your PC will keep the hard disk in running status for long time.
This error happens mainly due to of human mistakes and caused to serious damaging of the system. For ex, modifying the system registry files, altering the system files attribute or any other. These types of errors were hardly recoverable and require the most powerful recovery software to scan deeply and recover seriously damaged data.