Hard drives are generally used to store
large files, back up data, and to save important business files to keep them
safe and secure. But, what if your hard drive suddenly stops working or fails?
You may lose access to your crucial data. Hence, taking timely backup of your data
should be your top priority.
what are the worst reasons for hard drive failure? And how do we restore our
lost data when a hard disk suddenly stops working or crashes?
Read on to know 6 worst reasons for hard drive failure and their symptoms; and solutions to recover lost data from a failed hard drive.
6 Worst Reasons for Internal/ External Hard Disk Failure
A Hard drive may fail at any moment. It happens after accumulation of bad sectors in the disk due to aging or a sudden crash. This may result in irrevocable damage to the disk platter surface. The reasons behind hard drive failure may be different, but they result in permanent data loss in most cases. Hence, recovering data from a crashed or failed hard drive at the earliest is quite essential. Here is a list of major reasons that lead to hard disk failure, their symptoms, and solutions.
1. Firmware or Manufacturer Faults
This error occurs due to improper power
supply, virus attack, accidental shutdown, interruption during firmware
upgrades, or manufacturing faults. You might observe the following symptoms
even in a brand new hard disk.
Drive freezes at startup.
The system can’t detect/identify the hard disk at all.
The system fails to boot/hang up in the middle of booting procedure.
Users can contact the hard disk manufacturer and ask them for Return Authorization (RA), as the disk must be under warranty. However, manufacturers generally don’t provide any guarantee regarding safety of your data. For more information, please refer to the warranty/guarantee policy provided by the manufacturer. Further, to recover your data in case of hard drive failure, we would recommend a professional data recovery tool.
2. Electronic Failure or Power Surge
Sometimes, UPS is unable to deliver the
required power supply. It’s either too high or too slow. This can also occur when
you use an unreliable power source or there is frequent interruption in the
flow of electricity.
Sudden startup failure
System BIOS can’t detect the
Hard drive isn’t able to spin
Make sure that the system hardware is
getting proper power supply. You can fix this error by using UPS from a
well-known brand. Also, turn off your system properly when not in use.
This error may occur due to faulty CPU fan,
improper ventilation, high-voltage power supply, high temperature, virus
infection, and development of bad sectors. These reasons could heat up the
system and lead to sudden hard disk failure.
Pc frequently reboots/freezes
Fans are either moving too slow
or not at all
System hardware is making
clicking sounds or noise
Desktop or Laptop gets heated
soon after starting
Make sure that the CPU fans are working
fine. Double check that sufficient cooling is delivered to the processor and
their peripherals. You can also try applying thermal paste between heat sinks
of the CPU fan to make it run smoothly.
4. Mechanical or Internal Failure
Mechanical failure in your hard drive can
occur due to moving parts, malware or virus attack, bad sectors, improper power
supply and so on. These reasons could lead to hard drive failure or damage and
Earlier, several rootkit viruses were
introduced that used to become active with turning on the system. They corrupted
the system functioning at BIOS level. However, Windows latest versions (8/10)
are efficient at detecting such malware and remove it using UEFI technology.
Total system freeze
Grinding or clicking sounds
from hard drive
Files & Folders becoming
invisible or corrupt
Appearance of black screen
You must update your system on a daily or weekly basis. Keep your antivirus software updated and scan your computer to analyze malicious activities or virus attacks. Replace your hard drive every 3-4 years.
5. Corrupt File
Use of malicious or faulty apps, accidental
closure of running programs, unethical way of shutting down the PC, power
surges, etc. are reasons that lead to system file corruption and make the hard
The files become corrupt or damaged.
The hard drive is inaccessible.
Always shut down your PC in the standard manner. It will prevent command kernel to stop powering remaining CPU equipment. Close all the running programs before shutting down the system and avoid installation of faulty software or malicious applications into your PC. You can also fix your inaccessible hard drive to recover data.
6. Human Errors
Human errors are the most common cause of
hard disk failure. Such errors may include modifying system registry settings, wrong
installation of OS, alteration in system files attributes, accidental deletion
of files or directories, etc. These type of errors are quite hard to repair.
Human errors might not only cause severe damage to hard disk, but could also lead to permanent data loss. Hence, to scan on advance level, and recover data from damaged or failed hard drive, proceed with the most efficient data recovery software.
Okay, the Drive Has Failed! Now What to Do?
If your hard drive has failed or crashed, and you don’t even have a backup of your data, you could lose your important files and documents. Sometimes, you may feel that the hard drive has failed, but in reality, it has only become raw or inaccessible due to some logical reasons like software bugs, virus attack or malware, file or system corruption, accidental deletion or format, etc. You can follow the given methods to find out the exact reason, and then recover lost data from drive.
Retrieve Your Data from Corrupt/ Failed Hard Drive
Method 1: Carefully Connect the Hard Drive
Sometimes, when we connect the hard drive to the system, it doesn’t show in File Explorer. It might happen if the drive is loosely connected to the port. To fix this, reconnect the hard disk carefully. If this doesn’t help either, there might be some issue with the connecting port. Remove the drive, reboot the system and reconnect the drive to check if it is showing up now in the File Explorer.
Method 2: Fix Unallocated Drive
If the hard disk doesn’t show up in the file explorer, but is shown unallocated in the Disk Management, follow the given steps to fix this error:
1. In the Disk Management window, right-click on Unallocated drive and select New Simple Volume.
2. In the New Simple Volume wizard, click Next.
3. Click Next again to specify the volume size.
4. Click Next and select ‘Assign the following drive letter.’ Choose a letter from the drop-down list, and click Next.
5. Select ‘Format this volume with the following settings’ and select the desired file system; click Next.
6. Click Finish and your hard drive is ready to use.
However, if the drive is failed or crashed due to Mechanical or other physical reasons and the drive is not visible in Disk Management, data recovery through the software is not possible. To recover your data from a severely damaged, crashed or dead hard drive, you must refer to a professional data recovery service provider.
Tips To Prevent Data Loss from Failed Hard Drive
Sometimes, the hard disk can crash or become dead without even making any grinding or screeching sound. In such situations, you might even lose the chance of taking backup of your data on another device. Hence, follow the given tips to protect your data from permanent loss:
Stop using the drive when you
encounter any symptoms mentioned in this post.
Unplug or remove the drive from
CPU, and keep it in a clean and safe environment.
Make sure that there are no
‘hot spots’ or any mark on the external controller board.
You can also search and confirm
that no any drive parts are broken or damaged.
Take regular backup of your
data, and keep a professional data recovery tool handy.
Take precaution while handling
external drive and laptop to prevent damage due to sudden drop.
The hard drives are prone to corruption or
failure at any moment. If you do not have backup of your data, you may lose
important files, documents, and other stuff. In this blog, we mentioned 6 worst
reasons of hard drive failure along with their symptoms and solutions to recover
lost data. Some tips to prevent data loss and hard disk failure are also
mentioned above. However, if the drive is already dead, take help of a professional
data recovery service provider.
In case of any query, please write us in
the comment section below. For more relevant updates, stay tuned!
Satyeshu is a Windows blogger and data recovery expert. He is having good technical knowledge and experience in Windows data recovery. He writes about latest technical tips, Windows issues and tutorials.