Summary: Do you want to know how to fix a corrupted hard drive without formatting? In this blog, we’ll explore some ways to repair external hard drives without formatting.
Hard disk corruption is one of the common situations that Windows users experience. The hard disk drive may get corrupted due to multiple reasons. Sometimes, when you try to access a corrupted hard drive, it shows an error message, “You need to format the disk in drive: before you can use it.” We’ve come across various users’ queries on how to repair corrupted hard disk without formatting or understanding the consequences, i.e., permanent data loss of hard drive corruption.
We’ve shared below some effective methods to fix corrupted hard drive without formatting. Read on to know more!
There are several reasons that can cause hard drive corruption, such as:
Now that you’re aware of the causes, let’s proceed with fixing the corrupted hard drive.
You can try the below-given DIY (do-it-yourself) methods for repairing and recovering hard drive.
Malware or viruses can lead to hard drive corruption. You can run a malware scan on your hard disk to get rid of the issue. Windows comes with a built-in antivirus program – Windows Defender Antivirus. To run a scan, follow these steps:
External hard drive repair may be required if your system gets affected by file system errors or bad sectors. You can fix a corrupted hard drive by running the CHKDSK command in Command Prompt.
Caution: The CHKDSK command known for scanning and repairing drive, allow to use /f and /r attributes to fix the corruption in the hard disk. However, the command scans and marks the bad sectors on the disk, due to which Windows doesn’t read or store data from these sectors, eventually causing data loss. Therefore, we’d suggest taking backup of hard disk data using a professional data recovery software before performing this method.
Follow the given steps:
SFC (System File Checker) utility in Windows scans and fixes missing or damaged Windows system files. It also checks the integrity of the protected system files and replaces the corrupt ones with the correct versions.
Note: System File Checker enables you to modify the files, which may get damaged if the utility is not used correctly. Hence, it’s better to recover data from the hard drive before proceeding with the process.
Follow the given steps to run SFC scan:
Sometimes, the hard disk doesn’t show up in the File Explorer. In this scenario, you need to check if the disk is visible in Disk Management. Follow the given steps:
If still, you’re not able to access your hard drive, you need to format the drive with the NTFS file system, which will cause permanent data loss. You can choose ‘Do not format this volume.’ This action would convert the corrupted hard drive into a RAW drive. But, don’t worry. You can restore the data from RAW hard drive using a powerful data recovery software.
You can easily recover data from corrupted hard drive using a reliable data recovery software, such as Stellar Data Recovery Professional. The software supports recovery from formatted, corrupted, or RAW hard drives. The software quickly scans the drive and locates the missing or lost files. To recover data from RAW hard drive, follow the given steps:
Hard drive corruption may occur due to multiple reasons. Using the above-discussed methods, you can repair corrupted hard disks. These methods include running an antivirus scan, CHKDSK, and SFC scan and assigning a drive letter to the drive. However, data loss is associated with some of these methods, if they’re not performed with caution. Therefore, it’s suggested to recover your data first and then follow the discussed troubleshooting methods to repair corrupted hard drive without formatting.
A. What are the symptoms of a failing hard drive?
Common signs of a failing hard drive include clicking or loud component sounds, corrupted files, and sluggish performance. Learn more.
B. How do I fix the ‘Disk Structure Corrupted and Unreadable’ error?
You can fix the ‘Disk Structure Corrupted and Unreadable’ error by:
Read this guide to learn more about disk structure and how to repair corrupted hard disk without formatting.
C. What’s the difference between CHKDSK F and R?
CHKDSK /F scans the hard drive and repairs errors in the file system overhead information. On the other hand, CHKDSK /R also includes/F. Thus, this command scans the entire disk structure for physical errors and repairs them.
D. Can I recover data from a corrupted hard drive without losing data?
Yes! You can use a reliable data recovery software, such as Stellar Data Recovery Professional for Windows. It is a DIY software that efficiently retrieves data from formatted, corrupted, and RAW hard drives.
E. How to recover data from a physically damaged hard drive?
You may contact professional data recovery service providers, such as Stellar Data Recovery Services. The experts at Stellar open and fix the physically damaged hard drive in Class 100 Clean Room lab, which consists of the same environment in which the hard drives are manufactured.
F. How can I protect my hard drive from corruption?
The simplest way to repair damaged disks is to prevent hard drive corruption. You can develop this simple habit. Developing healthy habits with regard to handling storage devices will help you save your time and effort.
Aruna Attri is a Senior Data Recovery Expert at Stellar®. She is a technology blogger and Windows expert. She has experience in Windows data recovery domain. She loves to troubleshoot Windows issue and write technical tips and tutorials.