How to Restore Database in SQL Server 2014 from .Bak File Step By Step

   Author : Amelia Williams | Updated on April 9, 2019

The SQL server in your organization may have faced an error like abrupt termination, database connection errors, transient errors, database copy issues, malicious software attack and such. In all such cases, the most feasible option to restore SQL server 2014 is with the help of SQL backup. Though in some cases, rebooting the SQL server may resolve the problem yet restoring the SQL database with the help of SQL backup (.BAK file) is the most feasible solution. When Backup replication by using the T-SQL or SQL Server Management Studio does not resolve the issue, then try out the SQL Database repair software

Restore the Database in SQL Server 2014 from .BAK File

SQL Server database restoration is performed for Full, Differential, and File or Filegroup database backup with the help of T-SQL or by using SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS).

Note: Log out ALL the users while restoring the database in SQL server 2014 from .BAK file. No user must be using the database.

Before backup restoration, understand the following:

Limitations and Restrictions:

  1. No backup statement for an implicit or explicit transaction
  2. Cannot restore the Backup created on recent SQL server versions to earlier versions of SQL server
  3. Understand and have a complete overview of backup proceedings before proceeding with the backup restoration

Recommendations

  1. SQL database is vast. It needs more time for complete backup restoration. It is better to opt for a series of differential database backups as a substitute for one complete backup
  2. Analyze the size of full database backup with sp_spaceused – a system stored procedure
  3. All successful backup operations add an entry to SQL server error logs, which may lead to piles of backup log entries. Using Trace Flag 3226 help in resolving this issue, provided the scripts are not dependent on these entries.

Backup by using T-SQL

Create a Full Database Backup using Transact- SQL or T-SQL to restore the database from .BAK file

  1. Type the BACKUP DATABASE statement which creates Full Database Backup using following specifications:
    • Name of Database to backup
    • Place where to write the Full Database backup
    • The Syntax for full DB-backup is:
    • RESTORE DATABASE AdventureWorks FROM DISK = 'C:\AdventureWorks.BAK'

      GO

      Add different Options to backup with Options

  2. Specify one or more 'With' options to backup with T-SQL. These include:
  • For example Description, where Description = {;text'|@text_variable } .Description signifies the free-form text of the backup set.

Similarly, there are T-SQL Database backup commands for differential backup, backup with compression and backup with description to restore database SQL server 2014.

Backup by using SQL Server Management Studio

Once you start creating a backup task with SQL Server Management Studio or SSMS, there is also an option to generate the corresponding T-SQL backup with the help of Script button. Also, select the Script destination for process completion.

Backup a database

  1. Connect to the proper instance of MS SQL Server database engine. Next, go to Object Explorer and click the Server Name to expand the Server tree.
  2. Open the Database and select a User Database.
  3. Right Click on the database, go to Tasks and click on Backup to open Backup Database dialog box.

There are different options for relational database backup, and all involve exclusive SSMS steps. Refer to the site for the list of the available set of SSMS commands and restore the database from a .bak file.

How to restore database from .BAK file using SSMS

  • Right Click on the Database, select Task -> Restore -> Database
  • After clicking on database option, a Restore Database window opens
  • You can choose the database to restore, or you can create a new database during restore process. I selected the From device option
  • Specify the backup
  • Select the .BAK file and click OK
  • Click OK
  • The .BAK file will be list on the Database restore window
  • Before restoring the backup, select Options as shown in the figure:
  • You will get the following Restore options:

Am I overwriting the existing database?

If you don't want to overwrite the existing database then, you could create a new database and in that case, you would have to move the physical file to the new location.

The most important part of Restore operation is Recovery State:

RESTORE WITH RECOVERY vs RESTORE WITH NORECOVERY

If you are doing differential restore after full restore, If you are doing log restore after full restore you cannot leave your database in recovered state, you leave it in non-recovered state ready for more backups to be applied.

I am selecting the first option "Leave the database ready to use by rolling back uncommitted transactions. Additional transaction log cannot be restored. (RESTORE WITH RECOVERY)"

Database restored successfully

However, the long list of commands may not be a feasible option for any SQL Administrator to perform at the time of crisis. Today, downtime in any form is not acceptable. The process of restore database in SQL server 2014 from .BAK file, using T-SQL or SSMS Commands is lengthy and time-consuming. Downtime to restore the database from the .bak file is inevitable, but you can reduce the duration with the help of a specialized SQL database recovery software. Such software requires selection of the database to scan, repair, and finally save it at a preferred location.

Software Fixes

The software saves the SQL Administrator and users from any manual intervention, and resolves the error swiftly and efficiently. However, choosing the right software is crucial to get faster and durable results, else using the software may also lead to database privacy issues. Stellar Repair for MS SQL software is one of the most effective software to resolve the SQL database errors and expedite recovery when the SQL server is affected. The software recovers the SQL Database in its original file format and saves the database at the preferred location. The user-friendly GUI makes it easy even for the first time software operators.

Conclusion

Maintaining SQL Database and keeping it up and running is the foremost priority of SQL Admins. Thus, if there is any conflict, it should be resolved quickly by using the relevant SQL server database restoration process. Understanding the T-SQL commands and operating with SQL Server Management Studio to restore SQL server 2014 with .bak file helps in SQL database restoration. If the file is not available even after manual recovery process, then conclude the process with the help of Stellar SQL Database Recovery software. The software serves as a faster and more convenient solution by providing features like Save and Load Scan to save the scanned database and load it later successfully!

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