Email Repair

How to Perform Dial tone recovery to avoid downtime

Restoring corrupt, failed or dismounted Exchange database is a painstaking task for Exchange administrators as it leads to Exchange Server downtimes, resulting in business discontinuity for an organization. Dial Tone Recovery helps avoid such downtimes by providing access to a temporary mailbox to send/receive mails for Exchange users in an organization.

Usually, the Dial Tone Recovery process involves several steps and use of the command line interface. This article helps simplify the process of Dial Tone Recovery in just two steps.

What is Dial Tone Recovery?

Dial Tone Recovery is a process of using the Dial Tone Portability feature available in Microsoft Exchange Server. The feature provides limited continuity and creates an empty Exchange database (with the same database schema version) that allows users to send and receive new emails while the failed and dismounted database is recovered.

Benefits:

1. Even if the Administrator account is corrupt, you can send or receive emails without downtime

2. Continue to send or receive emails, while your original database is being recovered by Stellar Repair for Exchange

3. Bring Database back online without impacting business operations

Steps to Perform Dial Tone Recovery on a Single Server

In the following screenshot, TestEdbToPst is in dismounted state.

Figure 1: Database Dismounted

Pre-requisite to Perform Dial Tone Recovery

Before you begin Dial Tone Recovery, ensure the following:

• A user account with Schema Admin Level permissions on mailboxes

Replace the failed database by a Dial Tone Database (empty database)

1. Login to Exchange Server with Administrator (Schema admin rights) Level profile

2. Press Win+R, type Services.msc and press 'Enter' or click 'OK'

Figure 2: Run Services.msc

3. Stop Microsoft Exchange Search Service

4. Stop Microsoft Exchange Search Host Controller Service

5. Stop Microsoft Exchange Information Store Service

Figure 3: Stop Microsoft Exchange Services

6. Go to the corrupt EDB folder location:

a. Rename the EDB folder name to NAME_old

b. Rename log folder name to NAME_Logs_old

For instance, if your EDB folder name is TestEdbToPst, rename it to TestEdbToPst_old.

Refer screenshot

Figure 4: Rename the Database Folder Name

7. Now start all the 3 stopped services—

a. Microsoft Exchange Information Store Service

b. Microsoft Exchange Search Host Controller Service

c. Microsoft Exchange Search Service

8. Open Exchange admin center & mount the database. It will prompt a warning message, click 'OK' to create an Empty Database

Figure 5: Click 'OK' to create a Dial Tone Database

9. This process will force create a new Dial Tone Database with the same name. (Refer screenshot)

Figure 6: Dial Tone Database created with the same name

The empty database will be mounted with all the mailboxes that were there in corrupt EDB file.

Figure 7: Dial Tone Database is Mounted

Outlook users will see a prompt to restart the Outlook application on their PC. Users also get an option to use a temporary mailbox for sending and receiving emails when the Outlook restarts.

Figure 8: Outlook users can use the Temporary Mailbox

The temporary mailbox helps maintain business continuity while you restore the database.

You can also use PowerShell Commands to perform a dial tone recovery on a single server. For more information, please check this link:

Export Mailboxes from Corrupt or Dismounted Database to Dial Tone Database

To export mailboxes from a corrupt or dismounted database to an empty database, you need an EDB repair software such as Stellar Repair for Exchange.

The software scans the corrupt Exchange Database (EDB) file and exports all mailbox items including emails, contacts, attachments, calendars, tasks, notes, journals, and other folders to the Dial Tone Database on the Live Exchange server. It automatically maps the users and exports data to respective users' mailboxes.

Prerequisite for exporting the data from "Stellar Repair for Exchange" to Live Exchange

• Admin or User account must have "Full Mailbox Rights" on the concerned mailbox.

• Install Stellar Repair for Exchange software


Then Follow these steps to recover and export mailboxes from dismounted or offline database to empty database (Dial Tone Database).

After the export process, you can verify the exported mailbox data on the destination server.

If the database and mailboxes are restored, users can restart their Outlook and continue to send/receive emails and access all the data from restored database. 

At this point, create a backup copy of your restored database. Also, you may delete the corrupt EDB from the server after verifying all restored mailboxes and data.

Conclusion

When the Exchange crashes, it could take several hours to bring it back online. Downtimes caused by such an incident can have a severe impact on your business operations.

To avoid downtime, you can use a disaster recovery technique called Dial Tone Recovery to restore a failed database without affecting the flow of emails and productivity in your organization.

The recovery technique helps avoid downtimes by providing a temporary mailbox for Outlook users to send and receive emails until the original (failed) database is recovered. This article helps you understand Dial Tone Recovery, how it works, and further simplifies the process of restoring the failed database.

The entire process of dial tone recovery involves two steps:

• Create an empty database, known as the Dial Tone Database, on the mailbox server to replace the failed database.

• Export all the mailboxes from the corrupt or dismounted database to Dial Tone Database by using an EDB repair software such as Stellar Repair for Exchange.

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